When your dog is battling an illness they may seem warmer than usual but do you know how to tell if they are too warm? Here, our Diablo View Veterinary Hospital vets share some of the symptoms of fever in dogs, what the common causes are and how to help your dog feel better.
What temperature indicates a fever in dogs?
When your dog feels healthy and well their body temperature will sit naturally between 101° to 102.5° Fahrenheit, which is significantly higher than humans whose body temperature ranges from 97.6° to 99.6° F.
A temperature of more than 103° F is considered a dog fever. A high fever in dogs is a temperature of 106° F or higher which could result in serious and fatal complications.
How do I take my dog's temperature?
Unfortunately, determining if your dog has a fever isn't as straightforward as it may seem. Their body temperature can fluctuate depending on their level of excitement and activity. Did you know that their internal temperature also changes depending on the time of day? Therefore, it is important to understand your dog’s healthy temperature. You can determine this by noting your dog's temperature at various times of the day, for several days.
Even though many people are under the impression that a dog's nose is the most important factor in determining whether or not a dog has a fever, this is not a reliable indicator that your dog has a fever and should not be relied upon.
A rectal thermometer is the only surefire way to tell if your dog is warmer than they should be. Some pet stores carry thermometers made just for pets. It is recommended that you keep a separate thermometer just for your dog and store it where you keep your dog’s supplies.
Start by lubricating the tip of the thermometer with petroleum or water-soluble lubricant. Then lift your dog’s tail up and to the side and carefully insert the thermometer about 1 inch into your dog’s rectum. If possible, have a second person assist you by holding under the dog’s hind legs to prevent your dog from sitting. Once the thermometer temperature has registered you can carefully remove the thermometer.
What are some of the reasons behind fevers in dogs?
There is a long list of potential causes for a dog to develop a fever, but the following are some of the most common ones:
- A bacterial, fungal, or viral infection
- An ear infection
- An infected bite, scratch, or cut
- Tooth infection or abscess
- Urinary tract infection
- Ingestion of poisonous substances
Sometimes you will just not be able to determine the cause of the fever. This is often referred to as a fever of unknown origin or FUO. In these cases, a fever could be caused by underlying disorders of the immune system, bone marrow problems, or cancer.
What are the symptoms of a fever in dogs?
Chances are that you will notice unusual behavior before you notice a change in your dog's temperature. You should keep a careful eye on your dog and take note of your dog's symptoms. Any combination of the following symptoms is a good indication that you should check your dog’s temperature.
The following are some of the common symptoms seen in dogs when they have a fever:
- Red or glassy-looking eyes
- Warm ears and/or nose
- Runny nose
- Decreased energy
- Loss of appetite
How To Reduce a Fever in Dogs
If your dog’s fever is 106° F or higher, immediately take your dog to a local veterinary emergency clinic.
If your dog has a fever of 103° F or more, you can help to cool your dog’s body temperature by applying cool water with a soaked towel or cloth to your dog's ears and paws and running a fan near your dog. Stop applying the water when your dog’s temperature drops below 103° F. Continue to monitor your dog closely to ensure that the fever doesn’t return.
If you want your dog to remain hydrated, you should try to persuade it to drink a few sips of water at a time. However, you should never force your dog to drink.
It is important to never give your dog human medications, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen. These medications can be poisonous to your dog and cause serious injury or death.
If your dog exhibits any other symptoms, such as shivering, panting, and vomiting you should consider taking your dog to the veterinarian for urgent care.
Note: The advice provided in this post is intended for informational purposes and does not constitute medical advice regarding people or pets. Always follow your doctor's advice regarding asthma or other allergy symptoms.